Prevent desertification by implementing regenerative land management and restoration practices that rejuvenate water cycles, soil health, and community well-being.
Desertification is an advanced stage of land degradation. It happens when healthy dryland ecosystems, which cover 40 percent of the global land area and are home to two billion people, begin to malfunction. As plants die, so does the biology in the soil needed to maintain cycles of life, creating desert-like conditions that can become permanent. Desertification is primarily caused by human activity, including industrial agriculture, poor irrigation practices, deforestation, and overgrazing. Its consequences include soil erosion, dust storms, declining aquifers, loss of agriculture, and damaged ecosystems, often making the land unsuitable for human habitation or use. Compounded by rising temperatures and other effects of climate change, the pace of desertification has increased significantly and could displace 50 million people by 2030. Desertification can be prevented and mitigated with regenerative land-management practices, such as agroforestry, silvopasture, water harvesting, and by supporting Indigenous rights.