Promote the careful use of afforestation as a means to sequester carbon, restore degraded ecosystems, foster biodiversity, and support vulnerable communities.
Afforestation involves the deliberate introduction of trees to areas that have never or not recently had trees in order to create a forest. The practice has the potential to sequester a significant amount of carbon, given that a single tree can absorb one ton of carbon in its lifetime. Some afforestation projects plan to grow one trillion trees. Afforestation can help create living barriers that stave off desertification, protect land from flooding, and generate income from sustainable forest products. However, it must be done carefully. Afforestation should only be attempted where it is ecologically appropriate, the new trees harmonize with native flora and fauna, and the risk of monocultures is minimized. Projects must be equitable and involve the participation of the Indigenous peoples and local communities who call the land home.